Bald Eagle

Haliaeetus leucocephalus 

Body Length:31"–37"
Weight:8–14 lbs
Geographic Distribution:Throughout North America from the edge of the tundra/forest line in Alaska and Canada south to the Gulf of Mexico and into Northern Mexico
Habitat:Coasts, rivers, large lakes, mountains
Wild Diet: Fish, small mammals, birds, reptiles, and carrion; diet varies according to habitat and seasonal availability of prey; they are classified as a fishing eagle
Zoo Diet:Fish and small rodents
Status in the Wild:Populations are now increasing due to intense recovery programs and legal protection since 1940, and because DDT was banned in 1972. Past declines in the bald eagle population were due in large part to shooting, pesticides, human encroachment, and a slow breeding rate. They are protected by the Migratory Bird Act and the Eagle Protection Act.
Location:Great Bear Wilderness

The mature bald eagle has a white head and tail. Young year eagles are dark in color; they do not get their white head and tail until they reach adulthood at 4 to 5 years. Bald eagles have bright yellow eyes. Their feet have 4 toes with talons; three point forward and one points back. The beak has a hook and is 4" long.